20minutes. EN They do it to forget their personal problems. Spend more than 50 hours a week and is addictive. The compulsion is the inability to delegate. Workaholism is considered a disorder that affects 12% of working people.
Experts say that 8% of the Spanish working population spends over 12 hours a day to their profession. Researchers Duwas confirm the usefulness of a new scale to measure work addiction. Workaholism is understood as a psychosocial damage characterized by two dimensions: the excessive labor and compulsory labor? Explains Mario Del Lebanon paper's lead author and researcher at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University Jaume I de Castellon de la Plana. The findings, published in the Spanish magazine, not only confirm the two dimensions of workaholism, but the results relate to the psychosocial well-being (perceived health and happiness), to contrast the negative characteristics of addiction work in Spain. Only if it is a workaholic also overworked, working compulsively to calm anxiety and feelings of guilt in the person producing the fact of not working? Says Lebanon. The validation of the new scale called Duwas (Scale of workaholism Netherlands), is due to criticism received by the two most commonly used assessment tools so far, the WorkBAT (workaholism battery) and WART (Risk Test Addiction at Work), as to its validity and reliability.
The limit, more than 50 hours per week data on the global prevalence of workaholism vary across studies and are approximately 20% in countries like Japan. In Spain, the figures are between 11.3 and 12%, as research indicates, Pardo Sanchez, Navarro Botella and Zurian Valderrama in 2004, and the group of Lebanon in 2006, respectively. a La (ILO) says that 8% of the population active devotes more than 12 hours a day to their profession to escape personal problems. Experts say to spend more than 50 hours a week at work can determine addiction. Workaholism is characterized by extreme activity and dedication work (work out of hours, weekends or holidays), the compulsion at work (inability to delegate tasks), a disproportionate job involvement (self-assessment job centered) and deterioration of everyday life (poor interpersonal communication). Among the risk factors that lead to this addiction are economic pressures, family and social, the fear of losing their jobs, the labor market competitiveness, the need to achieve the desired success, the fear of overbearing bosses, demanding and threatening ; the high levels of employment self-efficacy and lack of personal affections that try to fill the job.